taxes on goods with particular negative impact on the environment, known for taxes with environmental relevance, are the weight gain in tax revenue, show data published on Wednesday by the National Statistics Institute (INE), relative to last year.
In 2015, the year of the reform of the "green taxation", this revenue grew more than that of the whole of the taxes, and emphasized the importance of the contributions "environmentally relevant" in the amount of revenue earned by the State.
in This group include, for example, taxes on resources, energy, pollution, tobacco, rates of collection and treatment of waste, the IUC (Single Tax Movement), the ISV (vehicle) and the ISP (oil products, and energy). What happened in 2015 was a very significant increase in the revenue of the ISP (to grow 10.4%), and the ISV (the trigger by 22.8% compared to 2014). These latter three taxes are the most important for this recipe, especially the fuel tax, which is worth more than 3000 million euros.
With this growth trend, the value achieved with the environmental taxes rose by 10.7% and, to achieve 4354 million euros, returned to 2010 levels. After a break in this revenue in 2011 and 2012 (to values on the order of 3630 million and 3760 million) and a decrease of their weight in the total revenues, the trajectory in the following years was being recovery. And for the third consecutive year, revenues of this type of tax has increased, having reached a level not seen since 2010", says the INE.
But while we’re on the same level of five years ago, "in structural terms, there were some differences", note the INE, detailing that "the single tax movement increased in importance (your weight has gone up 7.3% to 12.4%), while the tax on vehicles had an opposite behavior (to 19.1% in 2010 and 13.4% in 2015)". Also the ISP has "lost relative weight (72,1% 70,5%) while the other taxes on the energy they saw his weight climb from 1.2% to 2.8%, due to the introduction of the emission of gases with greenhouse effect".
With the implementation of the reform of the "green taxation" launched by the previous Government, was created "a new tax with environmental relevance – contribution on plastic bags light, which had a global revenue of around one million euros", a residual value for the total of more than 4300 million and far short of the 40 million that were expected when the rate was released.
In relation to the taxes that are most representative for the revenue, the INE makes some notes: "the evolution of energy taxes shows a behaviour, in general, similar to that of the sales of gasolines and diesel fuel, in volume"; "with regard to taxes on the transport, verifies that the sales of motor vehicles and the tax on vehicles exhibit similar behavior"; "the IUC, which focuses on the vehicle park existing, presents a growth" several years ago, which is "explained mainly by the overall reform of car taxation in effect in 2007, "that introduced a worsening of taxation over the lifetime of the vehicle."
Are the families who most contributes to the revenue of these taxes. According to the INE, support 51.1% of the volume raised (50,6% in the case of energy and 52.7% in taxes on transport).
After the tax reform green 2015, the current Government included in the National Programme of Reforms for the legislature to revisit the measures in this area already in the budget in 2017, "encouraging behaviour that is environmentally correct and in accordance with the principle of user-pays" principle, but always in a logic of fiscal neutrality, in that the increases and tax reductions (direct or by changes in tax incentives) balance each other out in the overall amount of revenue. Tax hunting with lead was a sample given in March by the minister for the Environment, João Pedro Matos Fernandes, in an interview to the PUBLIC, such as a fee to evaluate.